The island or hvar is the fourth largest island in the Adriatic, covering an area of 299.6 km2. It is 68 km long and a maximum of 10.5 km in width. In the 47 settlements on the island there are 11 400 inhabitants. it is the sunniest place in the Adriatic with 2718 hours of sunshine a year and it is known for its mild winters. Snow and temperatures below freezing are very rare. it is famous for its well developed vineyards and lavender gardens. The most famous of the patricians’ palaces is the unﬁnished Hektorovic house (over the main city gates) and the older Lucie’ family summer residence (to the east of the cathedral) which was the ﬁrst large house built in the city of Hvar. It has two rows of Gothic windows and a stone balustrade with a balcony. To the west of the harbour there are the ruins of St. Mark’s Church (Sveti Marko). The outline and the bell tower are still intact. In the apse there is an archaeological exhibition and within the walls of the old church there is a collection of stone monuments. This church is also used for concerts. Between the clock tower, the Palace Hotel and Hektorovic house, stands the Church of St. Cosmas and St. Damian (Sveti Kuzma i Damjan) which, with the city walls, is the only Romanesque building in the city. The church was later altered in the Baroque style. Hvar as a climatic cure town. Thanks to its favou- rable climate (it has an average of 2 700 hours of sunshine a year), Hvar is a well known cure town. Hvar is particularly recommended for the treatment of bronchitis and bronchial asthma, chronic infections and allergies of the respiratory tract and other organs. Hvar as a climatic cure town. Thanks to its favou- rable climate (it has an average of 2 700 hours of sunshine a year), Hvar is a well known cure town. Hvar is particularly recommended for the treatment of bronchitis and bronchial asthma, chronic infections and allergies of the respiratory tract and other organs. Pakleni otoci are a group of eleven islands and several rocks off Hvar harbour, stretching over a distance of 11 km and providing a natural protective barrier for the harbour. Their name derives from “paklina”, a “pitch” used here for waterprooﬁng ships. In fact they should really be called Paklinski otoci as the Croatian word “pakleni” means “hellish”. The islands are not inha- bited. The largest is Sveti Klement where there are the remains of lllyrian earthworks and Roman buildings. The most famous building is the chapel of St. Clement (Sveti Klement) from the 14th century, restored in 1870, in memory of the battle of Vis in 1866. Jelsa is town on Hvar Island, 30 km from town Hvar and 10 km from Starigrad. It have 1 800 inhabitants.